Why is Makar Sankranti celebrated – Everything you need to know

Here in this article, we have covered all that you need to know about Makar Sankranti/ Uttarayan.



why is makar sankranti celebrated



Makar Sankranti or Uttarayan or Maghi is celebrated in the mid of January every year (usually on the 14th of January or 15th of January in case of leap year.) in India.


What are the different names of Makar Sankranti in different parts of the world?


Various names of Makar Sankranti:

Country/ StateName of Makar Sankranti
Poush SankrantiBangladesh
Maghe SankrantiNepal
Poush SankrantiWest Bengal
Maghi SaajiHimachal Pradesh
Uttarain (Uttarayana)Jammu
SukaratCentral India
PongalTamil Nadu
UttarayanUttar Pradesh
Dahi ChuraBihar
Makar SankrantiOdisha
Makar SankrantiKarnataka
Makar SankrantiMaharashtra
Makar SankrantiGoa
Khichidi SankrantiUttar Pradesh
SankrantiAndhra Pradesh
Mohan SongkranCambodia
Shishur SenkrathKashmir


What does the word Sankranti mean?


‘Sankranti’ (Sanskrit: संक्रान्ति saṁkrānti) means ‘transfer’ or transition day of Sun into the sun-sign Capricorn (Makar). Sun moves northwards in the Hindu calendar, which is dedicated to the deity Surya (sun). It marks the first day of the sun’s transit into Makara Rashi (Capricorn)

Sankranti means transmigration of the Sun from one zodiac to another in Indian astronomy. Sankranti is a solar event

Who is worshipped on Makar Sankranti?


In India on the day of Makar Sankranti, the Sun god is worshipped along with Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi.


How is Makar Sankranti celebrated?


On the occasion of Makar Sankranti people usually decorate their houses as per their traditions, melas or fairs are organized, kite flying is extremely famous throughout India (usually in North India and Western India), North Indian cuisine Khichdi (a mix of daal chawal or lentils and rice) is cooked as a part of feasts.



how is makar sankranti celebrated



Til ke laddu [sesame bound sweets made in sugar or jaggery (gud) base]. Til laddu is a symbolism of bringing peace, togetherness, and joyfulness between people of different traditions.



til laddu makar sankranti



The Magha Mela is organized on this day. Many deities go to sacred rivers like Ganga or Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri to take bathe in a ceremony of thanks to the sun. Hindus believe that it results in the absolution of past sins.

Makar Sankranti lasts for 2 to 4 days in different regions. People also perform charity by giving alms to the needy, flying kites,

In Haryana, Punjab, and Delhi, Lohri is observed one day before Makar Sankranti.


Is Kumbha Mela associated with Makarsankranti?



kumbh mela makar sankranti



Every twelve years, the Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with Kumbha Mela – one of the world’s largest mass pilgrimage, with millions of people attending the fair. They worship the sun and bathe at the Prayagaraj (previously known as Allahabad) confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna.


Why is Makar Sankranti celebrated on 14 January?

Uttarayan/ Makar Sankranti also called Winter Solstice marks the end of the winter season and the beginning of the new harvest season in India. Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival.



why is makar sankranti celebrated



Why is Makar Sankanti also called Uttarayan?


Makar Sankranti is also called Uttarayan, as the sun begins its northward journey from this day. Hindus worship the sun god as a symbol of divinity and wisdom. The days become longer and warmer compared to the nights, after this transition.



when is makar sankranti celebrated



What is the reason behind eating khichdi on Makarsankranti?


Each festival in India is associated with a traditional cuisine prepared as a part of celebrations. Similarly, Makar Sankranti, also known as Uttarayan in central India, brings with it the delicious khichdi. This light and easy-to-make dish is made with rice, lentils, and winter vegetables (optional.) Khichdi has many health benefits associated with it and it also has its cultural roots.


Mythological significance of making Khichdi on Makarsankranti


People worship Lord Gorakhnath and seek His blessings before beginning the new harvest season. Lord Gorakhnath is worshipped for prosperous and healthy harvests. It is believed that He was extremely fond of eating khichdi.  Hence, to make the lord happy, people offer him khichdi in the form of prasad.

Khichdi is made and consumed during this festival, especially in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand. This is why Makar Sankranti is also known as Khichdi. In Gorakhpur, it is a tradition to offer Khichdi to the Gorakhnath temple.


Health significance of Eating Khichdi


After Makar Sankranti, the days start getting longer and warmer. As during the weather change, there can be health and digestion issues hence it is preferred to start the season with sometimes light and healthy. Therefore, consuming a light yet nutritious meal is important during this time. Vegetables like peas, carrots, spinach, beans, etc. can enhance the flavor and boost the nutrition quotient of khichdi. It is a balanced meal in itself.



significance of eating khichdi on makar sankranti



Makar Sankranti significance


After Makar Sankranti, the days start getting longer and warmer. Sometimes, our bodies react to the weather change and can cause health and digestion issues. Therefore, consuming a light yet nutritious meal is important during this time. Adding vegetables like carrots, beans, peas, spinach, etc. can lift the simple dish by making it a balanced meal in itself. Hence, making it easy to digest as well as an immunity booster.


Makar Sankranti History


According to the Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamah had waited for the sun to be in Uttarayana to embrace death.


The Motivational Talks wishes you all a very happy Makar Sankranti!!


Rise and Shine

The Motivational Talks



To read motivational blogs on life do visit- www.thependulumoflife.com


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